Department of Biomedical Engineering- Courses & Syllabi
Neuromuscular Systems Control

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(Department)  Biomedical Engineering         (Division)      Bioelectric
 (Level and Major)  Master and PhD

Course Title                   Neuromuscular Systems Control
Number of Credits       3             Prerequisite -
Lecturer Farzad Towhidkhah

Course Description
The neuromuscular system is one our vital organs that is involved in controlling and directing our voluntary and involuntary movements. This system can be divided into nervous system and muscles. Several strategies and hypothesis have been proposed so far to describe how the neuromuscular system works. In this course, the physiology of movements and the mentioned strategies and hypothesis are described considering computational and engineering viewpoints.
 Course Goals and Objectives
The main goals of this course is being familiar with nervous centers involved in different movements, motor learning, and modelling neuromuscular controlling systems computationally.
Course Topics        
  • Introduction
  • Physiology of movements and centers of movement
    • Muscle
    • Spinal cord
    • Motion centers in the brain
    • Cerebellum
    • Motor Cortex
    • Motion sensors
    • Muscle spindle
    • Muscular tendon
    • Joint receptors
    • Eye
  • Hypotheses and movement strategies
    • Centeralism
    • Prepheralism
    • Motor Program
    • Equilibim Hypothesis
    • Impedance Control
  • Periodic movements and walking
    • Walking features
    • Cenral Pattern Generator
  • Motor learning and its models
    • Motor learling
    • Internal models
    • Smith Predictor
    • Model Predictive Control
  • Functional electrical stimulation
  • Disabilities and motor diseases
    • Parkinson
    • Huntington
    • ALS

The course aims to:
  • Make the student familiar with neuromuscular system involved in voluntary movements
  • give them the capability of modeling the system using computational and engineering viewpoints
Reading Resources
  1. Stark, L. (2012). Neurological control systems: Studies in bioengineering. Springer Science & Business Media.
  2. Brooks, V. B. The Neural Basis of Motor Control. 1986.
  3. Winters, J. M., & Woo, S. L. (Eds.). (2012). Multiple muscle systems: Biomechanics and movement organization. Springer Science & Business Media.
  4. Shmway-cook, A., & Woolacott, M. H. (2001). Motor control theory and practical application.
  5. Schmidt, R. A., Lee, T. D., Winstein, C., Wulf, G., & Zelaznik, H. N. (2018). Motor control and learning: A behavioral emphasis. Human kinetics.
  6. Schmidt, R. A., & Wrisberg, C. A. (2008). Motor learning and performance: A situation-based learning approach. Human kinetics.
  7. Shadmehr, R., Wise, S. P., & Wise, S. P. (2005). The computational neurobiology of reaching and pointing: a foundation for motor learning. MIT press.
Midterm Exam, Final Exam, Seminar, Final Project, Exercises
Topic URL in Department of Biomedical Engineering website:
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